HomeAndroidGlobalScope vs viewModelScope vs lifecycleScope vs rememberCoroutineScope

GlobalScope vs viewModelScope vs lifecycleScope vs rememberCoroutineScope

The entire level of getting these Android pre-defined coroutine scopes is it routinely cancels all of the coroutines which can be launched on this scope, so that you need not explicitly cancel them. The exception is GlobalScope survives till course of demise.


GlobalScope by no means will get canceled, even when the exercise is destroyed/completed. For those who launch a coroutine with GlobalScope, the coroutine runs till it ends. If the coroutine does not finish, it’ll maintain operating both within the background or foreground till the method is killed.

GlobalScope.launch {  

That is similar to while you create your individual customized CoroutineScope. The customCoroutineScope won’t be cancelled except you express cancel it.

val customCoroutineScope = CoroutineScope(Dispatchers.Most important)
customCoroutineScope.launch {  

Utilizing GlobalScope or create your individual customized CoroutineScope just isn’t advisable. I am unable to consider any good use case for it.

When your app has exited, the coroutine that launched from GlobalScope can nonetheless run within the background till the course of demise (e.g. killed by the working system)


You’ll be able to entry the viewModelScope in ViewModel. As you possibly can inform, this viewModelScope is scoped to the lifecycle of the ViewModel. When the ViewModel is destroyed/cleared, this viewModelScope is canceled, all of the coroutines from it is going to be canceled.

viewModelScope.launch {  

To grasp the lifecycle of ViewModel, see the next article:


Will depend on the place you utilize the lifeCycleScope, the lifeCycleScope will be sure to the lifecycles of the Exercise or the Composable perform.

For those who use lifeCycleScope within the Exercise, the scope is sure to the Exercise. It means when Exercise is destroyed, lifeCycleScope.cancel() is named. All coroutines belonging to this scope are canceled.

class MainActivity : ComponentActivity() {
    enjoyable someFunction() {  
        lifecycleScope.launch { 

For those who use lifeCycleScope in a composable perform (the place the composable perform just isn’t a composable vacation spot, which means when compose navigation is NOT used), the lifeCycleScope is sure to the lifecycle of the Exercise as nicely.

enjoyable DemoScreen() {  

    val lifeCycleScope = LocalLifecycleOwner.present.lifecycleScope

    Button(onClick = {  
        lifeCycleScope .launch {

To retrieve the LifeCycleCoroutineScope in a composable perform, you utilize LocalLifecycleOwner.present.lifecycleScope

Nonetheless, if the composable perform is a composable vacation spot (i.e. when compose navigation is used), the lifeCycleScope is sure to the lifecycle of the composable perform (i.e. DemoScreen()).

Just like the lifecycle of ViewModel, when the composable perform is popped out from the again stack (faraway from the again stack), the lifeCycleScope is canceled. If the composable perform stays within the again stack, all coroutines belong to this lifeCycleScope won’t be canceled.


rememberCoroutineScope is a composable perform that creates a CoroutineScope that bounds to its composable perform.

enjoyable DemoScreen() {  

    val rememberCoroutineScope = rememberCoroutineScope()

    Button(onClick = {  
        rememberCoroutineScope.launch {

On this instance, when DemoScreen leaves the composition, all coroutines belong to this scope shall be canceled.

The next situations trigger the composable perform leaves the composition:

Please word that placing the app to the background (e.g. urgent the house button) does not trigger DemoScreen() leaves the composition.

What about non-cancellable coroutines?

Non-cancellable coroutines is unhealthy. Since coroutine cancellation is cooperative, there is no such thing as a means you possibly can cancel it. Thus, unhealthy coroutine implementation could cause execution leakage. The simplest option to overcome that is to make use of kotlinx.coroutines.yield().


Pre-defined Coroutine Scopes When coroutines are cancelled?
GlobalScope By no means till course of demise
viewModelScope ViewModel is destroyed
lifecycleScope (in Exercise / not in composable vacation spot) Exercise is destroyed
lifecycleScope (in composable vacation spot) Composable vacation spot is come out from the again stack
rememberCoroutineScope The composable perform leaves the composition

lifeCycleScope vs rememberCoroutineScope

When lifeCycleScope is utilized in composable vacation spot, it behaves form of equally to rememberCoroutineScopewith the next variations.

Eventualities lifeCycleScope (composable vacation spot) rememerCoroutineScope
Navigate ahead Coroutines stay (nonetheless within the again stack) Coroutines are canceled (leaving composition)
Navigate backward Coroutines are canceled (faraway from the again stack) Coroutines are canceled (leaving composition)
App strikes to background Coroutines stay (nonetheless within the again stack) Coroutines stay (nonetheless in composition)

When lifeCycleScope(composable vacation spot) is canceled?

When rememerCoroutineScope is canceled?

  • Navigate from side to side

When the app strikes to the background, each lifeCycleScope and rememerCoroutineScope will not be canceled.

The truth is, all these pre-defined coroutine scopes are losing assets and reminiscence as a result of it retains operating within the background although there is not something to replace on the UI.

The options could possibly be utilizing lifeCycleScope.launchWhenStarted() or lifecycle.repeatOnLifeCycle(). See the next article for particulars:

lifeCycleScope.launchWhenResumed() just isn’t supreme as a result of we nonetheless need to replace the UI when the app is seen within the background.

Supply Code

GitHub Repository: Demo_CoroutineScope

This demo app excludes the lifeCycleScope with composable vacation spot.



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