HomeiOS DevelopmentWorking with the brand new NavigationStack in SwiftUI

Working with the brand new NavigationStack in SwiftUI

In iOS improvement, navigation view is certainly some of the generally used parts. When SwiftUI was first launched, it got here with a view referred to as NavigationView for builders to construct navigation-based consumer interfaces. With the discharge of iOS 16, Apple has deprecated the previous navigation view and launched a brand new view referred to as NavigationStack to current a stack of views. Most significantly, builders could make use of this new view to construct knowledge pushed navigation.

The Previous Manner of Navigation Views

Previous to iOS 16, you create a navigation interface utilizing NavigationView and NavigationLink like this:

This creates a primary navigation based mostly interface with a Faucet me button. When tapped, the app navigates one degree right down to show the vacation spot view.


Working with NavigationStack

Ranging from iOS 16, you substitute NavigationView with the brand new NavigationStack. You may hold the NavigationLink intact and obtain the identical outcome.

The identical piece of the code may also be written like this:

We normally use navigation views to construct a master-detail stream for a listing of knowledge objects. Right here is an instance:

This creates a navigation view to show a listing of shade objects. When an merchandise is chosen, the app navigates to the element view and exhibits the colour view.


Worth-based Navigation Hyperlinks

NavigationStack introduces a brand new modifier referred to as navigationDestination that associates a vacation spot view with a introduced knowledge kind. The identical piece of code within the earlier part will be rewritten like this:

You continue to use NavigationLinks to current the listing of knowledge and implement the navigation function. What’s distinction is that every NavigationLink associates with a worth. On high of that, we added the brand new navigationDestination modifier to seize the worth change. When a consumer selects a selected hyperlink, the navigationDestination modifier presents the corresponding vacation spot view for navigation hyperlinks that current knowledge of kind Colour.

If you happen to check the app within the preview, it really works precisely the identical as earlier than. Nevertheless, the interior implementation already makes use of the brand new navigationDestination modifier.

A number of Navigation Vacation spot Modifiers

You might be allowed to outline multiple navigationDestination modifier for dealing with several types of the navigation hyperlinks. Within the earlier instance, we had a single navigationDestination modifier for the Colour kind. Let’s say, we have now one other set of navigation hyperlinks for the String kind like this:

The systemImages variable shops an array of the system picture names.

On this case, we have now two varieties of navigation hyperlinks. One is for the Colour kind, the opposite is the String kind. To deal with the navigation of the String kind, we will embed one other navigationDestination modifier to the stack like this:

Now if the consumer faucets one of many system picture names, it navigates to a different view that shows the system picture.


Working with Navigation States

Not like the previous NavigationView, the brand new NavigationStack permits you to simply hold observe of the navigation state. The NavigationStack view has one other initialization technique that takes in a path parameter, which is a binding to the navigation state for the stack:

If you wish to retailer or handle the navigation state, you possibly can create a state variable. Here’s a code pattern:

The code is much like the earlier instance. We added a state variable named path, which is an array of Colour, to retailer the navigation state. Throughout the initialization of NavigationStack, we go its binding for managing the stack. The worth of the path variable will probably be robotically up to date when the navigation stack’s state modifications.

I made a minor change for the navigation vacation spot. It shows the consumer’s chosen colours and exhibits one other listing of colours for additional choice.


Within the code above, we have now this line of code to show the trail content material:

The rely property offers you the variety of ranges of the stack, whereas the outline presents the present shade. Say, for instance, you first choose the colour indigo after which additional selects yellow. The worth of rely is 2, which implies the navigation stack has two ranges.

With this path variable, you possibly can programmatically management the navigation of the stack. Let’s say, we will add a button for customers to leap on to the basis degree of the stack. Right here is the pattern code:

By resetting the worth of the path variable, we will instruct the navigation stack to return to the basis degree.

As it’s possible you’ll already conscious, we will manipulate the worth of the path variable to regulate the state of the navigation stack. For instance, when the ContentView seems, the app can robotically navigate down three ranges by including three colours to the path variable like this:

While you launch the app, it robotically navigates down three ranges. That is how one can management the navigation state programmatically and a good way to deal with deep linking.



The brand new NavigationStack, launched in iOS 16, permits builders to simply construct data-driven navigation UI. In case your app doesn’t must assist older variations of iOS, you possibly can benefit from this new element to deal with deep linking and complicated consumer flows.



Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Most Popular

Recent Comments